Job Market Paper
The match quality between bureaucrats' talent and task assignment is an important component of state capacity and may be compromised by political rent-seeking. I use rich microdata on elite bureaucrats' qualifications and career paths to study the impact of politician disclosure laws on the efficiency of bureaucrat assignment in India. Exploiting the staggering of state assembly elections to identify the effects of disclosure laws, I find that information disclosure reduces bureaucrat skills mismatch and that higher skills yield greater career returns in more transparent states. The results show that transparency reforms promote meritocracy within public organizations.
Political distortions are prevalent in many developing countries and can imply substantial productivity losses. Theory is ambiguous as to whether greater openness to trade amplifies or reduces the effects of such distortions. This paper shows that trade liberalization in India decreased the value of firms' political connections, suggesting a reduction in political distortions. First, using variation in firm connections stemming from political turnover, we identify that political connections increased firm performance by 10–20%. Second, we evaluate how the value of political connections changed after India's externally imposed tariff reductions, using a triple-difference and difference-in-discontinuities design. We find that political connections became substantially less valuable when tariffs on input goods were reduced. Our findings imply that access to international markets reduces firms' dependence on political connections to source input goods, thus reducing the distortionary effect of such connections. The effects appear stronger in more corrupt states, where baseline political distortions are expected to be higher. Our results suggest a new margin for gains from trade in the presence of political distortions through a direct effect of trade liberalization on the prevalence of such distortions.
Work in Progress
“Corruption and Social Unrest”
“Public Servants in Private Firms”
“Alleviating global poverty: a note on the experimental approach” (with Peter Fredriksson, Eva Mörk, Torsten Persson and Jakob Svensson)
Poverty in Contemporary Economic Thought (Eds. Mats Lundahl, Daniel Rauhut and Neelambar Hatti). London: Routledge, 2021
Royal Swedish Academy of Engineering Sciences (IVA), 2017
Popular summary Dagens Nyheter – September 23, 2016 [In Swedish]
Featured in: Expressen, Forsknings & Framsteg, Göteborgs-Posten, Hallandsposten, Helsingborgs Dagblad, Jämtlands Tidning, Kristianstadsbladet, Nya Wermlands-Tidningen, Svenska Dagbladet, Sydsvenskan
“Korruptionens utveckling under finanskrisen” [In Swedish]
Ekonomisk Debatt 44(7), 2016